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Safety is very important in life, fire of knowledge required to understand
2014-07-25
  

As people's living standards improve, move into new flats, new cell more and more people to buy private cars also growing, Tianmen area of fire safety issues new cell is gradually exposed. In recent days, a joint municipal firefighting Tianmen television writer, deep part of the district area of the city, on the issue of residential fire facilities exposure propaganda.

   For buildings, the combustibles, flammable liquids, electrical, gas is four fire hazard, but the structure is more complex, refractory low ancient towns, villages, the inhabitants particular attention to the control of fire hazards These substances cause a fire once, most likely caused by Huoshaolianying:

  According to Fu Jie fire equipment noted, good isolation protection measures combustibles:

    1, open fires for cooking and heating, the walls around the range of 2 meters, the ground should be isolated from non-combustible materials fire protection, within the range of 1 m around the pile of firewood and other combustible materials should not be, or take fire quarantine measures.

    2, when the chimney through the roof of combustible or flame, smoke vent should be not less than 500 mm above the roof and fire cover should be established; chimney directly open exhaust port when the outer wall, exterior body and should not burn exhaust port should highlight the exterior wall of not less than 250 mm; interface combustible wall, floor or roof in the flue through the Department should be non-combustible treatment.

    3, firewood, fodder and other combustible materials stacking more, lower fire resistance rating of contiguous buildings or precautions forest near the village, to take quarantine, monitoring of the site may have open flames or sparks, etc.

    4, the use of fire, when the stove should anyone care. Spent more than an open flame shall promptly clean up the fire, embers and ashes application irrigated off. Windy weather may not use open flame outdoors.

    5, should stay away from fireworks into a piece of wood construction area and into a piece of firewood and other combustible materials focus stacking area.

    Note investigation wires, electrical fire hazards

    A laying on of combustible materials should wear metal tube electrical wiring, fire protection or fire-retardant cable casing, and should avoid stoves, chimneys and other high-temperature parts; electrical lines should be checked regularly.

    2, power, lighting circuits should adopt threshing floor wearing buried pipe laying, the pipe should not be used bamboo and plastic pipe. Threshing floor should be set independently for each motor operation switch, and the switch box should be located. Switch box to the power line between devices, prohibited the use of plug connections. Threshing floor and lighting fixtures can be 
Combustible distance of not less than 1 meter.

    3, connecting wires and electrical equipment should be firm, not pull random access private electrical wiring, electrical wiring is prohibited on the ride, hanging items.

    4 wire pressure levels, safety-carrying capacity and mechanical strength should meet the requirements of electricity places, the use of electrical equipment should not be overloaded, the fuse shall be increased cross-sectional area, and prohibited the use of copper wire, wire, etc. instead of fuses.

    5, the proper use of electric cookers, electric irons, electric blankets and other electric equipment, care should be taken during use, promptly cut off the power supply after use.

    6, lighting, electric heating equipment parts surface temperature should be kept a safe distance from combustible materials, when close to combustible materials, should take heat, cooling and other fire protection measures. Non-combustible material covering the electrical heating equipment.

    7, electric cars may not be parked in the stairwell, evacuation routes and safe exit. Charging should be done outdoors, the line should be fixed laying outlet and charge in accordance with the instructions for use. When charging, there may not be around combustible materials.

    Gas usage requirements are higher than ordinary construction

    1, should be based on the type of gas, select the applicable gas cooker; gas stove should be installed in a well ventilated room, and should be separated from the bedroom; connecting pipe gas cooker and gas pipelines should be securely mounted and should be checked regularly; should be noted that the stove safe use of the connecting tube deadline, the timely replacement.

    2, the use of liquefied petroleum gas cylinders in place, its cylinder models, specifications and quantity should meet the requirements. Operating premises shall not be used in public areas LPG cylinder supply of various types of equipment. Storage and use of LPG cylinders room should be well ventilated, storage and use is prohibited in the basement; LPG cylinders should be close to fire, heat, and safety distance between the cooker should not be less than 0.5 meters.

    3, prohibited the use of LPG cylinders excess canned, non-beat, inverted, collision cylinders, non-random and unauthorized dumping of residue gas filling.

    4, digester feed inlet, the discharge port and the battery cover and open fire distributing point distance should not be less than 25 meters; When using methane ignition test, the test should be the ignition of methane gas in the furnace, is prohibited in the pipeline, the digester ignition test gas; When digester maintenance, should be kept well ventilated, and forbid the use of fire in the pool or possibly sparking appliances; methane gas main pipeline should be non-combustible material, all joints should be tightly fastened, pipelines should be checked regularly and shall be immediately removed leak points.

    5, into the building of the gas pipeline should be made of galvanized steel and has a shut-off valve, prohibited the use of plastic pipe.

    Residents of the home is best not to store flammable liquids

    1, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, alcohol and other flammable liquids should not be stored in the living room, and should be kept away from sources of ignition and heat. Operating excess storage spaces non-flammable liquids.

    2, the use of oil and other combustible liquid fuel stoves, heaters and other equipment must be filled in after the flame to cool the fuel.

    3, dressed up or dressed prohibited flammable liquid and did not take over the security measures in the storage container replacement welding and other hot work.

    4, prohibited the use of glass bottles, plastic buckets and other fragile or easy to produce static non-metallic containers of gasoline, kerosene, alcohol and other flammable liquids.

    5, interior fuel pipes should be made of metal pipe and a shut-off valve, prohibited the use of plastic pipe.


    Case playback ▲ ▲ ▲

    Electrical wiring and tragedy caused by fireworks

    Five Ming Buddhist Institute in Sichuan Fire: January 9, 2014, Sichuan Seda Ming Buddhist Institute shag five fires, more than 150 were burned shag. As the shag is a wooden structure building and smaller spacing, the fire spread rapidly, coupled with cold temperatures, icy roads, fire fighting very difficult. After six hours of local fire departments fought the fire was successfully extinguished. According to the investigation, the reasons for the Department of electrical short circuit caused the fire.

    Zhengding ancient fire: February 18, 2010, the ancient town of Zhengding Nan gatehouse fire accident. The day of the first month of fire, fireworks masses or flying lanterns are the main reason for the fire. As the fire point is located on the top floor of the pavilion cornices, but the wooden structure, the fire spread quickly, the fire burned for two and a half hours after the fight, this time, the gates of the two upstairs pavilion is completely reduced to ashes.

    Protective firefighting "ammunition"

    Fire brigade extinguishing water is "ammunition", but for many ancient towns, villages, the lack of fire water is a practical problem. Thus, the ancient town managers, occupants should establish a "vigilant" of consciousness, usually good reserves, focusing on maintenance, while anxious to ensure the fire brigade extinguished the fire quickly

    An ancient town, village fire station and fire point should be set according to the size, regional conditions and fire risk and other factors. The number of fire engines fire station (ship), the type of performance to meet the actual needs of the ancient town fire fighting; ancient towns in each community should be located at least one fire control point, the village every 50-100 shall be located a Fire point.

    2 Set Fire points should meet the following four requirements: a fixed location and eye-catching signs; according to fire water, road conditions, matching the corresponding vehicle (boat), motor fire pump, hose, gun, fire extinguishers, rescue Tools and other equipment; has fire call and duty; has a full-time or volunteer firefighters.

    3, as a supplement to the power of fire-fighting equipment, the ancient towns, villages should also make full use of fire to meet the requirements of certain agricultural vehicles, sprinkler, irrigation pumps and other agricultural facilities maneuver.

    4, should be set up outside the ancient town fire hydrant system; village should be set when the outdoor fire hydrant system, really difficult, can be used by a fire engine or motor fire pumps, fire hose, gun composed of mobile fire fighting facilities. Fire water by town water plant, fire water and natural water supply to meet the requirements; dryland rainwater tanks available supply and other facilities.

    5, ancient towns, villages set fire water should meet the following requirements: a single fire water capacity of not less than 50 cubic meters, and the usual amount of water should be maintained; fire water distribution should be reasonable, except for high pool, the protection radius of not more than 150 meters ; fire water for fire trucks or motor fire pump water intakes should be located; fire water cold and cold regions of the freezing measures should be taken.

    6, natural sources of water as a fire, should meet the following requirements: adequate water and fire water and can guarantee the winter dry season; setting a solid platform and a clear sign of water. Surface water platform and the distance and elevation should be able to meet the high requirements of fire when water or low water absorbing mobile fire pump; natural water sources for fire, water should be provided access to the platform fire road.

Case playback ▲ ▲ ▲

Fire extinguishing water shortage affecting the efficiency of

Dukezong ancient fire: the ancient city located Dukezong Shangri-La County, Yunnan Province, is a city with 1300 years of history. However, a fire Jan. 11, 2014, so burned ruins of the ancient city in flames.

Day 1:27, Dukezong ancient burst of fire, the fire burned for more than ten hours, burning houses more than 200 buildings, direct property loss of over 100 million yuan. Eventually identified as the cause of the fire caused by improper use of wishful inn operators face five halogen heater in the bedroom. In this fire, the fire road narrow entrance, fire water shortage directly affects the efficiency of the fire brigade.

According to Fu Jie fire equipment is understood not ignore the important role of fire facilities

Some ancient towns, villages in the creation of the shops, bars, hotels and other business establishments, many of these places exist combustible, fire dangerous, its members affected by natural erosion year long, low moisture content, once the fire pole easy to spread. Therefore, we must be reasonable for ancient buildings fire district, with the necessary equipment, fire fighting equipment

One of the ancient town, village renovation of existing buildings, should try to use non-combustible, flame retardant materials.

2, the adjacent exterior wall or brick building between the wooden structure, it is best not to burn the body using solid walls and roof should be higher.

3, high fire resistance rating of built-up areas, covering not more than 5000 square meters; once over this range should be set in a dense area of not less than six meters in width firebreak carry fire separation.

Lower fire resistance rating of built-up areas, covers an area of not more than 3000 square meters; When exceeding this range should be set in a dense area of not less than 10 meters in width firebreak carry fire separation.

4, the kitchen should be set by the external walls of the building site. Class dining kitchen premises should be non-flammable solid walls and other parts of fire separation.

5, fire isolation measures should be taken to the courtyard between the villagers of a small pile of firewood, fodder and architecture.

6, hotels, shops, bars, cafes and other business establishments, when each building area of more than 200 square meters, each emergency exit shall not be less than two.

7, the ancient cultural relics protection units focused on building wooden structures or brick, should set the hydrant system.

8, with the water conditions operating sites, the sprinkler system should be set up or topical application of automatic sprinkler systems; each hydrant system should be set up or set fire hose on the domestic water supply pipes.

9, hotels, shops, bars, cafes and other business establishments should set up automatic fire alarm system or a stand-alone fire alarm detectors.

10, hotels, shops, bars, cafes and other business premises should be equipped with fire extinguishers, home should be equipped with fire extinguishers.

Case playback ▲ ▲ ▲

According to Fu Jie fire equipment noted, tourist attractions ancient buildings destroyed

Phoenix city fire: at 5:40 on April 19, 2013 Xu, Hunan Fenghuang a building fire. The fire broke out on the shore about 20 meters downstream Hongqiao, the first floor is a restaurant, a bar on the second floor, the third floor is the inn. Local fire and rescue quickly after receiving the alarm, the fire was extinguished at 7 o'clock, the houses were burned, there were no casualties.

Shuhe fire: April 6 4 pm, the core parts of the scenic Lijiang Shuhe fire, the local fire department on the same day six o'clock in complete control of the fire, the fire caused no casualties. Initially identified as a cause of the fire will not go out of the restaurant owner briquette stove placed indoors, ignite surrounding materials.

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